Through these developmental needs, the children develop their intellect as well as their physical and social abilities. The Montessori method of education is designed to take full advantage of the children’s desire to learn and their distinctive ability to cultivate their own capabilities.
The main premises of Montessori education are:
Children have a deep love and desire for purposeful activity. They work, however, not as an adult for the completion of a task, but the enjoyment of an activity itself. It is this activity which enables them to achieve their most important goal: the development of their individual selves.
Why are Montessori groupings kept in 3 year cycles?
Montessori defined four stages of development and labelled them as the four planes of development, noting that within these stages, the development is intense at the beginning, consolidates and then tapers to the next.
Key to all the planes of development is the individual’s need for independence. This is expressed differently throughout the planes.
These planes of development are the basis for the three-year age groupings found in Montessori classes: ages birth to three, three to six; six to nine; nine to twelve; twelve to fifteen; and fifteen to eighteen
First Plane – Age Birth – 6 – Early Childhood (Individual Creation Of The Person)
Second Plane – Age 6 – 12 – Childhood (Construction of The Intelligence)
Third Plane – Ages 12 – 18 Adolescence (Construction of Social Self)
Why are Montessori Materials so unique?
What does a Montessori teacher do?
In Montessori education we prefer to call teachers directors or directress as their role is not to dictate and control lessons or groups, but to direct the children towards materials, ensure the environment is prepared and that they themselves are prepared to meet the needs of the children. The aim of this is to foster and protect the child’s desire to explore and learn. The teacher serves as a guide and is the link between the child and the environment.
Adults in the Montessori environment ensure the child’s effort and work are respected. There is neither punishment nor reward because Montessori observed that children expect neither. Their reward is in the happy completion of a job itself and the natural respect that it commands.